Metaphors Package Names and Entailments Together

 

Simply thinking or saying the metaphor name, automatically transfers the entailments instantly no conscious processing required.

Lists and Classifications of Metaphors from other sites:

Metalude,

MetaphorLists,

Berkeley Metaphor Home

  List of Metaphor Examples:

 

American Football

Eating

Knots

Tailoring Clothes

 

Angst

Electrical Wiring

Knots, untying

Talisman

 

Beauty and the Beast

Electronics

Making a Fire

Tangles

 

Being in the Wrong Place

Engine

Making Waves

Tax Preparer

 

Benefactor-Beneficiary

Enigma

Map

Teamwork

 

Black and White

Exile

Medicine

Theatrical Role

 

British House

Farming

Need

Thorn Bush

 

Building Construction

Fear

Nourishment

Toilet

 

Buying and Selling

Feeling

Objective

Train Travel

 

Cafeteria

Feeling For Objects

Opera

Travel

 

Candle, Keeping Lit

Feeling Your Way

Outsider

Unconscious, subconscious

 

Canoeing

Fire

Pattern Recognition

Untying Knots

 

Carrying Heavy Load

Fishing

Pipeline

Using a Map

 

Chemistry

Football

Poacher

Walking a Dog

 

Chicken and Egg

Forged in Crucible

Protect the Defenseless

War

 

Cleaning Out Garage

Freezer

Raft or Barge

Warrior

 

Clearing Snow

French Wine

Rain, Coming in

Waves

 

Come in from Rain

Frozen on High Dive

Redemption

Weather

 

Commercial Transaction

Gambling

Research Big Purchase

Wine

 

Common Journey

Gamekeeper

Role

 

 

Computers

Games

Rowing

 

 

Connecting the Dots

Garden

Safety

 

 

Construction

Gardening

Sailing

 

 

Consumer Diligence

Genetics

Saving for Tomorrow

 

 

Contest

German Symphony

Scorekeeper

 

 

Conversation

Good vs. Evil

Sitting

 

 

Cooking

Guessing From Clues

Skiing

 

 

Courage

Hidden Lessons

Sleeping

 

 

Courting

Hike Rough Terrain

Slippery Spot

 

 

Criminal Justice

Hiking a Trail

Slipping Thru Crowd

 

 

Dancing

House

Snow, Clearing

 

 

Destruction

Hunting and Gathering

Spell, under

 

 

Development

Insurance Policy

Spoons

 

 

Dining

Investing

Sports

 

 

Dragon Slayer

Irish Conversation

Subjective

 

 

Drawers, Top, Bottom

Italian Opera

Subsistence Farming

 

 

Dreams

Japanese Garden

Symphony

 

 

Choice

Japanese Household ie

Rational Choice

 

 

 

Journey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

End

 

 










Metaphor Name
and alternate terms

Principals/Direction
Epistemology, explanation, overall concept, principles, direction, why something is evaluated as good or bad. Why are we doing this? Why this choice? Why is the problem formulated in this way? What are the reasons or purposes, the identity and values? Why this context, orientation, or general approach?
Strategies/Management
Function arising from general knowledge of How things work, how to work them. Applying or reflecting scripts, norms, rules, policies and strategies. Design. Patterns that enable or constrain.
Performance
Carrying something out, doing it, the what, which, who, where and when in discrete instances and ordered sequences. Procedures, methods, execution.

No Layer Classification
Metaphor element(s) in isolation; uncategorized.






Gardening Metaphor

Entailments include
To grow thriving, flowering, fruitful (not drooping) plants in a garden by applying knowledge of plants and soils now to produce beauty and abundance in future.
Preparing the ground, Planting seeds,
Caring, Weeding,
Fertilizing, Watering,
Pruning, Thinning,
Seasonal dormancy, Sprouting back,
Attend to regularly, Develop over time,
Dig, make space underneath and on surface, soften,
Place seeds in certain pattern, add water, fertilizer,
Preparing the ground, [go under]
Planting seeds, [creation]

Caring, [touch, give to]
Weeding, [remove obstacles, deflect outside forces]

Fertilizing, [give essentials, stimulate]
Watering, [cool, refresh, give essentials]

Pruning, [handling, shaping]
Thinning, [sort pieces, remove obstacles]

Seasonal dormancy, [travel thru time, oscillation]
Sprouting back [get up after sleep]

Thriving, flowering, fruitful vs. drooping [standing up, visible, full vs. lying down, empty]





Sports or Contest Metaphor

Entailments include
To win the game; play skillfully, honorably:
Playing by an agreed set of known rules.
Keep feet in bounds, line up
Deviations from the rules are fouls.
Penalties (not punishments) keep parity.
Each team given fair chance,
Players play fairly, take turns.
Respond to moves of other side,
Gain control of ball, territory,
Hand ball to other side after failing to score,
Fake one way, go the other,
Get around, through, over opposing player,
Each game separate with start and end.
Special relationships within game.
Logic, strategies & sequences.
Players showing greatest skills are honored.
Teams that coordinate are better.
Records kept, scores tallied.
Aggression ritualized, channeled.
Win / lose / draw.





Criminal Justice Metaphor

Entailments include
To place blame or responsibility for an event
and determine an appropriate response by:
Describing the event, Identifying suspect(s),
Establishing the possibility that suspect(s) responsible,
Following accepted procedures, Developing a case,

Collecting, analyzing evidence,
Making logical arguments that account for facts,
Destroying defenses or alternate explanations,

Convincing impartial persons,
Choosing appropriate response to the event.
Found guilty & punished vs. innocent & set free.





War Metaphor

Entailments include
Respond to Threat, Gain territory and control:
Fundamental interests threatened by evil-doer,
Their ways totally incompatible with our ways,
Peril increases with time, They are merciless,
Complete victory, no compromise, no negotiating,
Total mobilization and commitment, Highest priority,
Act as one, suppress internal dissent,
Raise morale and fighting spirit,
Define us and them as mutually exclusive,
Assume they will hurt you,
Dont negotiate or reason with them,
Insist on submission to non-negotiable demands,
Use force if demands not met,
Targeting any and all aspects of enemy,
Siding with enemies of enemy,
Transforming as necessary, Ends justify means,
Being ruthless, Forgetting fairness,
Doing whatever needs to be done,
Destroying enemys means to fight,
Laying siege, Taking prisoners,
Demoralizing, Retreating, Surrendering,
Capturing, Liberating, Fortifying, Destroying,
Battles won, Battles lost, War as a series of battles,
Take any risk, sacrifice money, family, home, life.
Hit any part of enemy you see,

Act now, act soon, act fast,
Hide, Act in dark, at night, when least expected,
Moving in opposing directions,
Survey, inspect before attack,
Pick time and place to act,
Searching, Intercepting, Surrounding, Attacking,
Retaliating, Defending, Retreating, Shooting,
Bring out the dead and wounded,
(Avoid) exposing self as target,
Digging in, Exploding, Occupying territory,
Cutting supply lines, Taking what enemy has,
Win vs. truce vs. lose.





Common Journey Metaphor

Entailments include
Voyage or passage made by:

Steps towards a destination,
Planning, Preparing, Supplying,
Leaving home, Eventually returning,
Learning new customs (obliged to learn new customs),
Various modes of transportation (
must switch modes),
Detours, Delays, Alternate routes,
Forks in the road, Evaluating choices,
Keeping on track,
Cooperation in coping with problems,
Overcoming obstacles,
Success of one = success of all




Japanese Household ie

Entailments include:
To ensure continuity, succession:
No beginning or end.
Relationships merged with household.
Seek acceptance and dependency.
Perpetual obligations, involvement.
Sacrifice for the greater whole.
Harmony (over abilities or skills).


Chemistry Metaphor

Entailments include:
Change produced through:
Mixing things together,
Introducing heat, electricity, new elements,
Precipitating factors,
Chemical reactions, Corrosion,
Dissolving dense, hard elements,
Introducing a catalyst,

Preparing solutions.




Genetics Metaphor

Entailments include:

Building blocks of human being:

Come from birth,

Predetermined, cant be changed,

Evolved from being more fit, dominant,

Genes survive beyond death of individual,

Imprinted at the most basic, cellular level,

The heart of the matter,

Nature over nurture,

Prevail over learning, experience, free will,

Continuity & improvement vs. extinction.



Building Construction Metaphor

Entailments include:
To put together something solid:
Build on firm ground,
Construct stable foundations,
Make sure it is well structured,

It lasts vs. it crumbles.



Gambling Metaphor

Entailments include:
Gaining something valuable by:
Knowing the odds, How high are the stakes?
Having a strong hand, Keep track of cards played,
Knowing what cards to play next,
Taking chances, Bluffing,
Making good bets, Not tipping your hand,
Having something up your sleeve,

Come out on top vs. bottom, winner vs. loser.





American Football

Entailments include:

Possession of the ball; Stop between plays;
Different points for different types of goals,
High degree of coordination between many players;
Violence/damage to opponents allowed/tolerated, hitting hard, immense size and brute strength are integrated into resolute team struggle to win;
Coordinated, sophisticated application of differentiated, focused technology;
Very specialized, compartmentalized positions and complex, precise maneuvers;
Success from brutally hard work, intense training, repetitive practice, self-sacrifice, and endurance of pain; Talent important but will to win essential;




Commercial Transaction

Market behavior, trading

Buying, Selling, Fair exchange;
Buy low, sell higher in short time;
Goods pass through hands, profit from each pass;
Knowing many ways to make a deal;
Trust, contracts, hand-shakes, other mechanisms to assure parties satisfy conditions of sale;
Motivated by selfish desire for gain;
Seller sets price according to cost and what he thinks it is worth to buyer;
Buyer offers price according to need, desire, or ability to sell at yet higher price;

Subject to market pressures of supply and demand; Making a profit, Not getting gypped, Getting good value, Fill need, Unload inventory, Corner the market, Dont leave money on the table, Package deals, Sweetener, safes, warehouses.

Hunting and Gathering

Daily attempts, Bring back what find, Migrate with seasons, herds, Never know how you will do;
New chance each day.

Subsistence Farming

Grow only sure thing; Limited resources, dependent on natural condition of land, weather.

Paying with Multiple Currencies

Each currency has different value relative to other, Difficult to evaluate offers, Must do rapid calculations each day, Need gold standard.

Scorekeeper

Count occurrences to track who is ahead;
Keep statistics, Compare with existing records, Many ways to achieve, Not just win or lose.

Tax Preparer

Collect all the data, Follow up, Organize, Calculate per formulas, Use loopholes, Stay within legal limits.





Exile

Considered a danger and to be separated forcibly,
Pariah, not part of community with shared interests,
Having distinctly different, dangerous interests,
Banishment, done something unacceptable,
Ganged up against, picked on, unfairly blamed,
Apartheid, denied rights for race, ethnic origin,
Deportation, found not to belong, sent back home,
Outcast, cast out, sent away, abandoned,
Expelled, for some offense, conditions for return,
Ostracized, identified as undesirable,
Refugee, upheaval pushes into another land.

Free to pursue own interests, learn, adapt in exile.



Outsider

Considered not to share goals, interests, customs,
Stranger, Interloper, Not in in group, Misfit, Low position, Alienated, in conflict, out of tune, estranged, Profiled, Drifter, Runaway, Black sheep, Feuding, Different clan,

Not required to fit in, say just what you think,
Point of view from more distant vantage point,
Free to develop in different ways, do as you please.

Dragon Slayer

Battling monsters, face demonic powers;
Overcoming mighty being with bravery, cleverness, luck, special powers;


Good vs. Evil

Light vs. dark, titanic battle of divine, irrepressible powers;
Angel vs. devil, Warrior/hero vs. lord of darkness;

Dreams

Visions, reverie;
Wish fulfillment;

Forged in Crucible

Forced to shape, Hardened, effects of high heat;

Redemption

Forgiven, put back in essential form, reconciliation

Beauty and the Beast

developmental, directional transformation

Destruction

Total transformation, de-structuring, chaos,

Courage

Inner strength, Perseverance, Fidelity

Talisman

Protection, power object, magic weapon, instrument, keep control of, destroy

Enigma

Unpredictability, mystery, wonder

Spell, under
cast a spell, place a curse, work an enchantment, be cursed, under an enchantment

Unexplained, magical, involuntary, yet profound;
Non-local influence;
Can counter only through similar magic;

Chicken and Egg
Dancer and dance

Which comes first?
Part of a process;


Frozen on High Dive

Afraid to jump

To move forward one must take very large step;
Fear despite assurances of safety;
Frozen by appearance of danger;
Cling to safe perch;
Unwilling to abandon self to unknown;
Body afraid although mind believes its okay;


Cleaning Out Garage

Getting rid of junk, mess; Putting things in order;
Deciding what is useful, worth keeping;
Dirty job; Tend to put it off;
Making space; Making things easier to find;



Carrying Heavy Load

carrying baggage, weighted down

Get tired fast; Difficult to keep going;
Reduces freedom of movement, speed;
Do it only if absolutely necessary;
Discard anything non-essential;
Shorten journey if possible; Transfer to others;
Find ways to reduce pressure, fatigue;
Find best posture, balance, load distribution;
Use straps, carrying aids, pads, slings;

Use trolley, cart, animal, truck;



Hike Over Rough Terrain

Every step different; Stretch, strain, exert;
Must keep mind on movement;
Dangerous to get distracted;
Place feet carefully; use hands when necessary;
Not straight course, yet focused on destination;
Exhilarating; Only way to get to important places;



Slippery Spot

Slippery Patch

Very different from ordinary path;
May not seem to be any warning;
Continuing normally can cause loss of traction, equilibrium, throw one off course, out of control;
Abnormal sideways motion, slide, turn, spin;
Can cause accident, crash, damage, injury;
Requires rapid, radical responses to cope;




Using a Map

Graphical representation of what is known, seen, understood, literal, denotative, transparent, objective, truthful, real (as distinct from mirage or illusion, which is unknown, figurative, subjective, false);

Map is a tool for experiencing the territory;
Relies on vision; What you know is what you see;
Is always a distortion;
Shows position of locations;
Shows how to get from one location to another;
Need to find where you are now first;
Shows relative sizes of entities;
Selected features indicated;
Following it is similar to navigating the territory;



Theatrical Role

The role is not you; You select or are given role;
Must learn part, rehearse, be directed;
Other players take other roles;
Youre in the role or out of it at different times, places;
Can play more than one role;
Scripts, circumstances, expectations define the role;
You can modify, enhance role only a little;

Benefactor-Beneficiary

Someone has resources to give, seen as generous;
Recipient has little to say, expected to be grateful;



Tailoring Clothes

Not one size fits all; Not off the rack;
Not mass produced;
Made to fit your particular shape and complement your particular features and qualities;
To enhance your form and appearance;
Your needs are paramount;
Careful measurements taken; Materials selected;
Fittings, modifications, final stitching;
Requires well developed skill and craft;

Saving for Tomorrow
Saving for a rainy day, waste not want not

Postponing gratification;
Putting aside part of what you have;
Anticipating future need;




Investing

Putting something of yours that is valuable in a place where it may grow and give more back;
You do not get to use it now;
Develop expectation for getting more later;
May increase hunger for results;
Growth may compound and get larger than expected;
Risk of loss; You may be able to influence risk;
Lose opportunity to invest in something else;

Principal and interest;




Knots, untying

Tangles

Difficult to follow twists and turns; Seems illogical;
What part connected to what?
Pull on it and it becomes harder to untie;
Loosening one part may tighten another;
Some parts may slip free if pulled;
Cant push; Shaking sometimes helps;
May require concentration and patience;
Practice and experience helps, but no guarantee;
Every tangle can be different;
Tempting to cut out knot;




Making a Fire

Need fuel, air, and heat in right configuration;
Tiny spark or flame ignites light fuel,
Lighter fuel burns quickly and ignites heavier;
Heavier material produces more heat for longer;
Fires are built with lighter fuel below to take advantage of climbing and spreading of flames;
Poking fire in right way can help;
Too much poking will put fire out;
Once started the fire can be made bigger by adding more fuel, smaller by reducing air;

Making Waves

Disturb tranquility; Pushing things around;
Possible constructive efforts attract negative attention; Turbulence, not interference;

Medicine

Small amount of special substance applied in certain way that corrects a problem;
Alters course of an unfavorable process;

Nourishment

Taken in and transformed over time to produce growth;


Pipeline

Transports from one place to another;
First in, first out; Put in one end comes out other;
Takes time to pass through;
Doesnt change contents;



Protecting the Defenseless

Protect from predators; Takes priority;
Assure survival of tender, vulnerable, young;
Rallying cry; Cost not an issue; Do as necessary;
Essential to cycle of life and societys survival;

Raft or Barge

Disturbs water as it moves; Not pretty;
Shaped to maximize capacity, not speed;


Rain, Coming in

Problems above; Repairs needed;
Damages, ruins whats inside if not stopped soon;
Get out from under; Cant fix from inside;
Makes things cold and damp;



Unconscious, Subconscious

May control almost everything;
Cant be seen or fully understood;
Down, inside, dark, at depth, not on surface;
Things pass from there into consciousness without warning;
Understood through signs, symbols, flashes, dreams;
Richer, mysterious, innate capacity;


Rowing

Make vessel move through the medium;
Transfer strength of arms and back into movement;
Get leverage by facing backwards;
Using oar as lever;
Several people can do in a line; Needs coordination;


Sailing

tacking

Using the wind for power; Set/plot your course;
Must know which way wind is blowing;
Angle into the wind to use wind in one direction to actually go in another direction;
Going with the wind, same direction as wind;
Coming about to zig-zag towards destination;
Set sail depending on strength of wind;
Trim the sails for maximum efficiency;

Sitting

Resting; Stationary; Still; Hips, legs unimportant;
Ready to do other things;

Skiing

Controlled sliding; Thrilling;

Sleeping

Slipping into unconscious;
Recuperate, regenerate, maintain;

Slipping Thru Crowd

Pass through, pass by without contact;
Unnoticed, unfelt, no sharp edges or snags;
Take advantage of mass confusion, distraction;

Snow, Clearing

 

Spoons

Contours fit together comfortingly;





German Symphony

Very old, elaborate, idealized, traditional form;
Several interconnected movements or parts;
Everything in own place, corresponding to function;
Blends large number of very different voices into beautiful, harmonious, wide-ranging expressions;
Depends upon carefully constructed linear score;
Individuals must be highly talented, well trained;
Doing prescribed part in large group, seldom solo;
Innovation, response to changing tastes requires coordinated adjustments at multiple levels over time;
Each person strives for very best, always improved;
Everyone has stake in successful performance;
Practice, precision, synchronization are critical;
Careful control improves resulting quality;
Leadership earned through competence, talent;
Requires great resources, rehearsals to perfect;


Hiking a Trail

May be easy or hard, safe or dangerous;
May require special attire;
Only way to get to some places;
Can get off trail, find forks in trail, obstacles;
Trail has boundaries, drop-offs;



British House

Based on well-tested design, historically successful;
Durable, long-lived; Highly desirable;
Solidly built by qualified craftsmen;
Built on firm foundation;
Keeps out bad weather;
Predictable, traditional plan and features;
No surprises; Change is slow, evolutionary;


Insurance Policy

Forfeit something valuable to protect against loss;
Just in case, hedge bets, protection from unlikely, unpredictable events;
Pay premiums to keep policy in force;
Balance and pool risks; Get coverage;


Irish Conversation

Highly individualistic; Often religion-focused;
Intense; Must give reasons; Ironic wit;
Certain ritual questions require response covering particular points;
Agile combination of facts and principles;
Strongly felt opinions; Dearly held values;
Proves worth as a person;



Japanese Garden

Water and wetness; Combination of essential elements water, stones, plants;
Garden objects chosen that best exemplify intrinsic characteristics; Spaced to create harmony;
Designed to look natural, artless, not according to some aesthetic values;
Beauty remains despite passage of time, seasons;
Spend time there meditating on quiet, natural events;


Warrior

To overcome adversity, oppression;
Trained, skilled, fierce, brave, fights to win;
Fights for benefit of group, principals, values;
Honorable, masterful, proud, self-disciplined;

Thorn Bush

Can get only so close;
Reaching in will result in scratches or worse;
Good hiding place;


Toilet

Flushed down the toilet; Going down the tubes

Waste; Flushed away without sensitivity;
All washed down the drain together;
Disappears; Gone for ever; Finished;
Goes quickly, falls away, sucked down;
Unpleasant passage towards decomposition;

Train Travel

Go where tracks go; Go in a line; No need to steer;
Everyone at same speed; Powered by locomotive;
Less friction as you glide along tracks;



Travel

To get from one place or location to another;
Change of scenery; Different environment;
Life may be different when you get there;
You may need to be different
Can carefully plan, or just wander;
Pack and bring personal items & other resources;
Mover over a surface or through a space;
Obstacles, delays, detours, the unexpected;
Places in between; Final location is destination;


Teamwork

Get something done as a group;
Division of labor; Cooperation;
Parts of job given to different people;
Many hands make lighter work;
Leadership, followership; the good of the group;
Pulling in the same direction; Conform to task;
Participation, inclusion; one for all, all for one;
If youre not helping youre off the team;


Walking a Dog

Caring for dog in urban environment where dog cant care for self; Using out of doors as toilet for dog;
Two animals with very different needs tied together, each must go where other wants;
One has more control than the other;



Weather

Determines surrounding environment;
Influences bodily comfort, mood, travel, crops, etc.
Temperature, moisture, wind, clouds;
Changes fast or slowly, changes with seasons;
Blows in from somewhere else;
Can be gentle or brutal;
Understood as a system in motion;







French Wine

Thousands of varieties, each with own personality;
A process of transformation that occurs naturally;
Perfected over thousands of years in many parts of world, largely in France;
Subtleties of plant biology, soil chemistry, weather, fermentation, aging, etc. combined with diverse human skills, approaches and organization;
Wine for the elite, beer or watered-down wine for the poor; A global business;
Thought to be mystical, dangerous, nourishing, healing;
Purity assured by grape type, location, proper conditions, precise harvest and processing;
Quality officially classified by approved standards;
Composed of multiplicity of inconsistent ingredients and qualities, artfully recombined each year;
Suitability for certain occasions and food is a matter of custom and careful judgment;
Maturation, first of the vine, then the wine, proceeds slowly according to certain well understood principles and stages;
Product of ingenuity, discipline, resourcefulness, adaptation to changing conditions, and resolve to enhance human relationships and joi de vivre.


Poacher

Hacker, Spy, Secret Agent, Burglar

Works under cover; Has dual life;
Needs what is forbidden; Attracted by challenge;
Works in other peoples territory;
Knows all about the desired prizes;
Knows all the entries and escapes;
Uses minimum force; Leaves no trail;






Gamekeeper

Managing wildness, reducing risk through careful observation and maintaining proper conditions;
Protecting forbidden fruit from outlaws who not only want it, but also are attracted by the challenge;
Lives where s/he works;
What the game keeper manages must be allowed to thrive and be readily available to those authorized;
Maintaining habitat; Conservation of ecosystem;
Organizing shoots; Care for hunt dogs and guns;
Controlling pests, predators and disease;
Constructing fencing, pens, shelters;
Keep up proper conditions for breeding mating, fertilization, hatching, succoring, rearing, releasing;

Guessing From Clues
Guessing game, connecting the dots, seeing the outline, paint daubs forming textured, impressionist picture, interpreting ink blot, logical induction, putting together pieces of jigsaw puzzle

[Entailments can be divided according to sensory modality]
Understand the form or gestalt from seeing a few parts; Pattern emerges, form becomes recognizable, putting the pieces together, pattern recognition, forming an impression;


Feeling Your Way

Cant see what you are doing;
Using touch and kinesthetic sensations;
Trial and error; Moving slowly along;
Following path, contours, locations with hands;
Cant easily get big picture;
Not know next step until you finish this one;



Hidden Lessons

Learn something unexpected;
Could not see that you would profit;
Learning one thing while doing something else;
Learning useful things you wouldnt initially have chosen; Learning patterns applicable in entirely different setting; Learn things you dont know you are learning;



Electrical Wiring

Hard Wired

Direct, instantaneous connection;
One-to-one, one-to-many, many-to-one;
Force or power conducted from one point to other known point(s);
Flip switch, touch button and known action occurs;
Wires cause things to work in certain way;
Not easily altered;

Electronics

Transformation of electrical impulses;
Complex outputs from simpler inputs;
Circuits can be designed for variety of purposes;

Engine

Runs on its own; Does same thing repeatedly;
Source of power, force, makes things go;
Put in fuel, get performance until fuel runs out;




Farming

Numerous tasks orchestrated over time in certain place, to grow food from plants and animals;
Need knowledge of plants, animals, soil, seed, fertilizer, harvesting, processing, selling;
Work outside; Live at or near farm;
Cooperation of farmers;
Makes availability of food more predictable;
Subject to weather, pests, markets;
A lot of investment up front for results months later;

Feeling For Objects
Reaching in Bag

Cant see what doing; Reaching out of view;
Identify objects by feel, sort with hands;
Easy to lose track; Taste of being blind;


Fishing

Special equipment; Ways to attract fish;
Will fish bite? Patience and skill;
Attention to certain signs;
Solitude, peace;


Freezer

For long term storage;
To make inanimate but not kill;
To solidify and keep in current state for later use;
Contents can be removed and thawed;

Cafeteria

Take your choice from many options;
Pick what appeals; Serve yourself;

Candle, Keeping Lit

Signal there is life, aid, hope;
Can see your way with it; Use it to see other things;
Marks a place to turn to;

Canoeing

Slip through water more easily than boat;
Easy to tip, attention to balance, not stand up;
Paddle to go forward, twist to turn, stop;



Dancing

Move in coordinated, symmetrical way;
Can be dramatic, complicated, simple, plain;
Someone leads, other(s) follow;
Done in designated, prepared space;
Avoid stepping on feet (but sometimes inevitable);
Each move requires corresponding response;
Rhythmic, done to music, drumming;
Moves on inexorably according to pattern;


Dining

Alone or with others, at designated place, sitting;
Choose food or eat whats served;
Prepared for in advance;
Can be several courses in known order;
Planned, balanced;



Computers

Doesnt compute

Transformation of electrical impulses according to long, logical set of instructions;
Internal logic or set of instructions can be changed or programmed;
Can handle information only in prescribed form;
Input, fast memory, slower large memory, application of program, processing, output;
Speedy, comprehensive, but not imaginative;

Cooking

Need ingredients, heat, container;
Combining, mixing, to increase appeal, make digestible, remove poisons



Courting

Look for spark; Attract attention; Please the other;
Show best side; Defer to other;
Not take for granted; Go out of way;
Stimulate interest in other;
Show interest, surprise, pleasure;
Understanding without words;

Drawers, Top, Bottom

Top drawer is most accessible, easy to see into;
Contains best, classy, most important contents;
Bottom drawer has discards, forgotten contents;



Eating

Better when hungry, when food appealing, when at rest, but can eat anytime or place;
Put food in mouth, chew, swallow, rest is automatic;
Eat in company, eat to celebrate, eat to feel better, eat to please someone else, eat to energize, eat to gain weight


Being in the
Wrong Place
In the lions den; wrong way on one-way street; find self In wrong part of town; stepped into hornets nest

Being suddenly or unexpectedly lost;
Find self in danger;
Find self in unsettling circumstances;
Target of disrespect, threat, aggression, humiliation;
Squeezed, stung, dislodged, pushed down, out;

Feel horrified, frightened, sick, angry by what you see;
Disorientation; Struggle to reorient;
Fight/Flight response;



Italian Opera

Pageantry, splendor; Multiple textures;
Music, sound mean as much or more than words;
Trained voices; Impact on emotions;
Tone, quality of voice express character;
When one talks, one sings;
Thoughts and emotions must be expressed;
Soloists have changing relationship with chorus;



Black and White

Either-or, Binary choice; Categorical, Over-Simplified, Knee-Jerk, Reflexive, Good-Bad, Us-Them, Yes-No, Surface Thinking, Philistinism, Manichaeanism

Must be one or the other;
Either with us or against us; the Dark vs. the Light;
If not one thing (black) must be the other (white);
No middle ground, no gray area;

Simplistic categorization;
Either of the spirit or of the material world;
Clear choice; Avoid endless deliberation;
Lack of depth, nuance or subtlety in understanding;
Unable to make fine distinctions that may be useful in guiding effective action;
Global solutions to wide range of problems;



Fear

Risk to self, danger to loved one

Move towards safety, avoid dangerous place;
Strong aversive motivation;
Remedial action needed; Can be crisis;
Identify things associated with danger and avoid;
State of agitation, discomfort associated with;
Very high priority over other responses, activities;
Small probability of danger = big risk;
Get away, look away, avoid, stay away, deplore;
Accept strict rules, restrictions, lose freedom;
Identify other things deemed safe;





Consumer Diligence

Researching a big purchase, rational choice, rating the best thing, sorting out, Multidimensional profile
(Possible Metaphor System:
Choosing is Sorting Attributes;
Choices are Objects With Parts)

Determining greatest overall satisfaction;
To be happy with choice over time and changing circumstances; Formalization of issues;

Carefully considering many factors;

Literacy required, write down all the points;
Combining all relevant factors into single judgment;
Enforced consideration of factors in combination;
Can manipulate issues & factors in mind (prioritize, order, add up, substitute, trade, balance, exchange, gauge, compare, etc.)
Going beyond gut response, into depth;
Stepping back, assessing from long-term view;
All the reasons one might like or dislike something;
Long list of all pros and cons;
(Versus orality, interplay of emotions, unformulated)



Angst


Absence of something; Dissatisfaction; Darkness;
Anxious, melancholy, not pleasant;
Sense of meaninglessness, unimportance of things;
Generates concern, may stimulate thought;
Moves one towards developing meaning;


Development

Generates direction; Increases capacity, resources;
Moving towards outcome;
Improvement, progress, expansion, growth;
Increased useful complexity;
Greater adaptability;


Safety

Comfort, tend toward less or no activity; Relaxation;
Well being, protection, security;

May then begin to feel Angst.
Sometimes leads to Development.

Feeling

Sensation in the body; Somatic, emotional impulse;
Non-verbal, non-intellectual response;


Need

State of minor or major deprivation;
A lack of something that should be there;
Motivates action, fulfillment;
What is required so that something else can happen;



Objective

Seen from outside; Third person view;
Can be agreed about; Public;
Not dependent on individual for verification;
Independent of individual thought;
Having a reality outside of oneself;
Perceptible to others besides affected individual;
Shaped especially by what we know of the world;



Subjective

Seen from inside; First person view;
Private; No agreement;
As perceived, not independent of ones mind;
Related to or arising from personal states of mind, emotion, brain, sense organs;
May lack reality or substance;
Although can be reliably known by individual, not reliably known by others;

End

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes on ideas in progress:

Mental Models and Frames for Negotiation [these have metaphor elements]: power and persuasion (battle of wills, pushing and pulling), decision-making (follows known path, rational, cognitive, correct lens, focused, framed, reframing), a strategic game (rational, rules of utility, maximize utility function), relationship-building (build and maintain, predictability, standing with, enact scripts, trust, communication), joint problem-solving (exchange of info, interest-based, shared understanding), improvising ([spontaneous, requiring] coordination of action, norms), argument (careful construction, weight of evidence, burden of proof).